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Preterite: Part III

Notes:

  1. The written lesson is below.
  2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.

-ar and -er verbs that change their stem in the present tense do not change in the preterite. They are conjugated just like other regular preterite verbs.

PresentPreterite
entenderentender
entiendoentendí
entiendesentendiste
entiendeentendió
entendemosentendimos
entendéisentendisteis
entiendenentendieron
PresentPreterite
cerrarcerrar
cierrocerré
cierrascerraste
cierracerró
cerramoscerramos
cerráiscerrasteis
cierrancerraron

-ir verbs that change their stem in the present tense do change in the preterite, but in a different way. They change e:i and o:u in the third person, singular and plural.

PresentPreterite
preferirpreferir
prefieropreferí
prefierespreferiste
prefiereprefirió
preferimospreferimos
preferíspreferisteis
prefierenprefirieron
PresentPreterite
dormirdormir
duermodormí
duermesdormiste
duermedurmió
dormimosdormimos
dormísdormisteis
duermendurmieron

Let’s add two more flashcards for stem-changing verbs in the preterite:

Verb Flashcards
Complete List

-ar and -er stem-changing verbs do not change in the preterite

cerrarentender
cerréentendí
cerrasteentendiste
cerróentendió
cerramosentendimos
cerrasteisentendisteis
cerraronentendieron

-ir stem-changing verbs do change in the preterite (e:i and o:u third person singular and plural)

preferirdormir
preferídormí
preferistedormiste
prefiriódurmió
preferimosdormimos
preferisteisdormisteis
prefirierondurmieron

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