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Imperfect Subjunctive II

Notes:

  1. The written lesson is below.
  2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.

In Imperfect Subjunctive I, you learned the difference between Present Subjunctive and Imperfect Subjunctive as two different tenses within the subjunctive mood. You also learned that the imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but in the past.

In this lesson you will begin to learn how to conjugate verbs in the Imperfect Subjunctive. It is important to know that in Spanish there are two complete sets of conjugations in the Imperfect Subjunctive tense. Both are used equally in Spain, and it is up to the speaker to choose one over the other one. In some Latin American countries only the -A form is used in the Spoken Spanish, while the -SE form is mainly used in literary work.

You can conjugate in the -A CONJUGATION of the Imperfect Subjuntive by following the next steps:

1. take the third person plural of the preterite form of any -ar, -er and -ir verbs
2. drop the -on ending to find the root
3. add the following endings to that root

-A CONJUGATION

-a, -as, -a, -amos, -ais, -an

Here are some examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive for each of the three families or verbs.

cantar – to sing

3rd person plural of the preterite of cantar = cantaron
we remove the -on ending
the root is cantar-

yo cantar-a (regular)
tú cantar-as
él/ella/ Ud. cantar-a
nosotros cantár-amos
vosotros cantar-ais
ellos/ellas/Uds. cantar-an

correr – to run (irregular)

3rd person plural of the preterite of correr = corrieron
we remove the -on ending the root is correr-

yo corrier-a
corrier-as
él/ella/Ud. corrier-a
nosotros corriér-amos
vosotros corriér-ais
ellos/ellas/Uds. corrier-an

vivir – to live (irregular)

3rd person plural of the preterite of vivir = vivieron
we remove the -on ending
the root is vivier-

yo vivier-a
vivier-as
él/ella/Ud. vivier-a
nosotros viviér-amos
vosotros viviér-ais
ellos/ellas/Uds. vivier-an

You can conjugate in the -SE CONJUGATION of the Imperfect Subjuntive by following the next steps:

1. take the third person plural of the preterite form of any -ar, -er and -ir verbs
2. drop the -ron ending to find the root
3. add the following endings to that root

-SE CONJUGATION

-se, -ses, -se, -semos, -seis, -sen

This rule works perfectly for all three families of verbs (-ar, -er and -ir),

Here are some examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive for each of the three families or verbs.

cantar – to sing (regular)

3rd person plural of the preterite of cantar = cantaron
we remove the -ron ending the root is canta-

yo canta-se
canta-ses
él/ella/Ud. canta-se
nosotros cantá-semos
vosotros canta-seis
ellos/ellas/Uds. canta-sen
correr – to run (irregular)

3rd person plural of the preterite of correr = corrieron
we remove the -ron ending the root is corrie-

yo corrie-se
corrie-ses
él/ella/Ud. corrie-se
nosotros corrié-semos
vosotros corrie-seis
ellos/ellas/Uds. corrie-sen
vivir – to live (irregular)

3rd person plural of the preterite of vivir = vivieron
we remove the -on ending the root is vivier-

yo vivie-se
vivie-ses
él/ella/Ud. vivie-se
nosotros vivié-semos
vosotros vivie-seis
ellos/ellas/Uds. vivie-sen

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